A focus on independent stores and ‘browse-only’ shops can help to reverse the fortunes of the struggling high street, new research shows.
According to a three-year study by Manchester Metropolitan University, not only could independent shops be the answer to filling gaps left by department stores, but also reforming business rates and bringing key services like leisure centres and council buildings back to the high street could help boost them.
Findings from an extensive study by Manchester Metropolitan University of 100 UK high streets, funded by the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851, have highlighted the major trends and issues from 2012 to 2021 – and solutions to help revive retail areas.
Published in a new illustrated book, High Street: How our town centres can bounce back from the retail crisis, researchers showed that high streets have faced unprecedented challenges.
Ordinance Survey research showed that between March 2022 and March 2020 there were 9,300 fewer retail outlets in the UK, impacted by Covid lockdowns and online shopping.
The new research shows that the problem has been driven by a steep decline in the success of ‘big retail’ – large chain stores – with 40 per cent of retail space surplus to requirement. However, there are glimmers of light, and a way forward for high streets beyond big retail. According to the study, the six trends that will affect future retail growth are:
According to the study, the six trends that will affect the future retail growth of our high streets.
- Independent retailers such as artisan food outlets, vintage clothing emporiums and vape shops filling the gaps left by collapsed chain stores.
- The return of activities to high streets that had been thought lost, including ‘showrooming’ – physical stores being used to display goods and give advice, but not transact, with purchases being made online – and smaller convenience supermarket stores.
- ‘Omni-channel retail’ – stores combining physical selling with online retailing.
- Touching, feeling and looking – the ability to experience products, to sit on furniture and try on clothes.
- Authenticity and uniqueness – offering something other than mass-produced products of mainstream retailers, like vinyl records and handmade crafts.
- Experiences rather than ‘stuff’ – catering to people’s desire to spend money on doing things like going on holiday or having a meal or beauty treatment.
The findings will now be used to advocate for national government policies such a business rate reform and a rethink on permitted development rights that is eroding retail centres by allowing the unplanned conversion of shops to housing. They will also inform the strategies of local councils who are frequently faced with dilemmas on how to best spend funds in their town centres, and guide consultants developing town centre proposals.
Dr Lucy Montague, Senior Lecturer at Manchester Met’s School of Architecture, and co-author of High Street: How our town centres can bounce back from the retail crisis, said, “There’s been much talk in recent years of the high street dying, but our studies show this just isn’t the case – if anything, it’s out-of-town retail parks that are on their way out.
“We hope our series of solutions and recommendations show that adaptable town centres hold the key to enabling better and quicker recovery. They are capable of once again becoming the diverse, characterful and independent places they were before they were homogenised by big retailers.”